The generously-proportioned bottoms and bulges of Renaissance beauties have been slimmed down by Italian artist Anna Utopia Giordano to illustrate changing perceptions of feminine allure.
Miss Giordano used Photoshop to slim down famous buxom nudes by Botticelli and Titian and bring them into line with 21st century concepts of what women should ideally look like.
Large bottoms, plump tummies and chunky thighs have been pared down to leave the subjects of the paintings with the taut physique and size zero dimensions of Victoria's Secret underwear models.
The idea was to illustrate how easy it is for the fashion world to digitally manipulate images of models, creating standards of beauty that are impossible for most women to attain.
Miss Giordano, who is also a model and actress, took 10 famous Venuses by Titian, Francesco Hayez, J. A. D. Ingres and other artists, and subjected them to a digital makeover.
The slimmed-down, 21st century versions of some of art's most celebrated masterpieces, including Botticelli's The Birth of Venus (1485), look positively skinny, even anorexic, compared to the originals.